ANAEMIA IN PREGNANCY, AWARENESS AND PREVENTION AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL CLINIC IN TWO PHC IN OVIA NORTH EAST LGA, EDO STATE

ABSTRACT

Anemia is defined as a low level of hemoglobin in the blood, as evidenced by fewer numbers of functioning red blood cells. Hemoglobin in red blood cells is an oxygen-carrying protein that binds oxygen through its iron component.

The objective of this study is been divided into two which are the broad and the specific objective.

Retrospective descriptive survey design is to be used for this study. Data will be obtained from patients visiting the primary healthcare centre, Okada. The research is proposed to be carried out in the Okada primary healthcare centre. The target population are clients visiting the Okada community primary healthcare centre. Multistage sampling technique was adopted for this study. The instrument used, is a self-developed but carefully structured questionnaire by the researcher with which data was collected. Data was collected using structured questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency tables and simple percentages.

It is revealed in this study that an overwhelming sum of the population believes that anemia can be cured and 47% of the population had the opinion that specific drugs given at the health center can be used to combat anemia. The data revealed that 37.8% of the population study on an average displayed good knowledge on the causes and prevention of anemia

From the finding of this study, it can be deduced that more efforts should be put towards preventive measures such as the use of insecticide treated nets, adaptation of a healthy feeding pattern, proper environmental sanitation, and regular and prompt visits to the health centers and clinics in order to prevent anemia and eventually reduce mortality and morbidity rate via this disease.

Keywords: Anemia, Primary Health Care, Hemoglobin and Pack Cell Volume.

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