Hygiene is the practice of keeping oneself, one’s living and working environment clean in order to prevent illness and disease.  The main objective of this study is to access the level of knowledge and practice of hand hygiene among nursing mothers in Ovia North East, Edo State. A non-experimental study requiring descriptive approach was used. The target population for the study was nursing mothers in Ovia North East. The sample size for the study was calculated using the Benedict’ formula, the instrument was self-developed questionnaire. From the above findings some of the respondents had negative attitude towards Hand Hygiene behavior that something can be done to encourage the practice because they perceive it to be more of culture and religions connotations. Findings from this study suggest that the awareness of immunization among the respondents (child bearing mothers) is influence by their educational status, therefore mothers need to be encouraged while those with low level of awareness need to be enlightened on the benefit of immunization and making immunization for their children to be easier as this will help to prevent the deadly diseases. 58(51.7%) of the respondents agreed that only government should be involved in the encouraging the practice while 54(48.2%) of the respondents indicated negative response. Ministry of Education should include Hand Hygiene as a topic and its consequences in the curriculum of primary and secondary schools since this group will be future parents tomorrow.

Keywords: Hygiene, Hygienic practice, Sanitation and Health

Word Counts:  236

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