IMPACT OF ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION (ADR) IN THE CAUSE OF JUSTICE

ABSTRACT

The Long Essay has evidently proved that ADR is a potent conflict resolution mechanism strategy in dispensing Justice in Nigeria in particular, and the West African sub-region. Thus, the resultant successes in the areas of affordability, speedy adjudication of cases, confidentiality, usage of indigenous language, cooperation, reconciliation, and flexibility cannot be overemphasized. Its challenges of funding constraints, lawyers’ laxity in advising clients to opt for ADR, perceived as a threat to their revenue, lack of ADR awareness, inadequate training for mediators, and inadequate infrastructure and logistics should be addressed for ADR to be a strategic partner, able to effectively complement the judicial system in the delivery of justice for all, and thus improving and entrenching judicial governance in Nigeria in particular and West Africa as a whole. ADR processes can serve as useful vehicles for promoting many rules of law and other development objectives. Properly designed ADR programs, undertaken under appropriate conditions, can support court reform, improve access to justice, increase disputant’s satisfaction with outcomes, reduce delay, and reduce the cost of resolving disputes. In addition, ADR programs can help to prepare community leaders, increase civic engagement, reduce the level of community tension and resolve conflicts which will promote peace and harmony in society.

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